Political science focuses on the speculation and practice of state and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels.
Some of the most important subfields are described below.
Political theory is worried mainly about the foundations of political community and institutions. It focuses on attributes and also the moral purposes of political association. To clarify these concepts, political theorists draw on enduring political writings from ancient Greece to this and on various writings by moral philosophers. The ideology also focuses on research into the way political institutions function in practice. In either case, orientation seeks to ultimately deepen political thinking and spur citizens to responsible and inventive political action.
Some scholars and researchers compare contemporary political systems so as to evaluate which types best provide particular values: order, equality, freedom, or economic security and well-being for his or her citizens. Others suggest that the most purpose of comparative politics is to supply an understanding of how and why different societies develop different forms of political institutions. Still, others use comparative politics as the simplest way of discovering general laws and theories that may explain human political behavior and its variability.
Comparative politics courses are of two basic types. One offers comparisons of a specific set of problems or institutions in an exceeding number of various countries.